It’s still February for the rest of the day, so I thought I’d tell you what’s going on with me lately in this last post of the month. March promises some pretty great things! Currently, I’m… reading My Brilliant … Continue reading
Guys, did you know that it’s Modernism Week in Palm Springs? M O D E R N I S M ! P A L M S P R I N G S ! !
From February 13-23 this year, Palm Springs is celebrating all things Modernist. I can’t tell you how much I want to be a part of this. Palm Springs is way WAY up there on my list of places to go. Just look at the scenery:
The Kauffman Desert House, by Richard Neutra [ image source ]
The Tramway Gas Station (now the Palm Springs Visitors Center), by Albert Frey and Robson Chambers
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A home in the Vista Las Palmas Neighborhood in Palm Springs
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It’s about this time every year I long for warmer weather and short sleeves. Doesn’t this look like the perfect place to warm up in the winter? I could totally be a snowbird here, friends. Palm Springs has the largest concentration of mid-century design anywhere, all situated in the desert and hills of California, a little more than an hour and half southeast of Los Angeles. Just about the best winter getaway I could ask for.
This map says it all:
Map of Palm Springs by Nat Reed from the LA Times Blog [ image source ]
If I were still a kid, this would be my Disney World. Modernism Week consists of walking tours, bus tours, lectures, parties and probably a lot of fun. I’d check out works by John Lautner, Richard Neutra, Albert Frey and Donald Wexler, and I’d want to stay at the Saguaro Palm Springs:
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For more images, check out the Modernism Week Instagram feed here. I know I plan to live vicariously through those photos.
+ Thank you all for your feedback on books for kids from this post: The books arrived a day after Valentines and the kids are shouting “Again, again” after reading the first book, so I’d say these are a success! +
This morning Dr. Jay and I packed up the toddler and traveled a few miles south to a little architectural gem that’s been on our list to visit for a while, the Pope-Leighey House designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. I realized once we were there that it was my first time in a FLW house- a big deal for me.
The house was originally built in 1940, commissioned by Loren Pope and his family. It was first located in Falls Church, and the family lived there for about five years until they needed a larger home for their expanding brood (the house is only about 1200 square feet). Mrs. Marjorie Leighey was the second owner and lived in the home until 1964 when it was condemned to be torn down by the oncoming expansion of Route 66. Mrs. Leighey struck a deal with the National Trust for Historic Preservation and the house was moved (sort of) to its current location in south Alexandria, the grounds of Woodlawn Plantation. She was permitted to continue occupying the house and did so until her death in the early 1980s. In 1996 the house was again moved, but just 60 feet from its previous spot so as to more accurately portray what the original site orientation would have been.
Our tour was given by C.J. Lamora, a local designer and devotee of Frank Lloyd Wright. He stressed that the house is a prime example of FLW’s Usonian house ideal, the concept being that the house is modest in size so as to be affordable for American families, efficient in design and well-sited for the surrounding environment. FLW relied on three major materials: brick, cypress wood and concrete.
He also used these geometric cut-out shapes as a motif throughout the house at the clerestory level, a theme fairly common in the Usonian houses.
We weren’t permitted to take photos inside (major bummer) but I’ll share some photos I took of the exterior and talk more about the interior with some images I’ve gathered from the world wide web.
You can see the deep overhangs, typical of a FLW design. I was once told that these serve to limit the amount glare from the sun in that particular site line, so that you would have a more even view of the horizon.
Spring was out in bloom today.
I loved the use of built-in planters around the house.
As our tour guide mentioned, you can see the strong use of horizontals throughout the house. This is part of Wright’s ideals of connection to the land. There is a 6’8” datum line for most of the ceilings (doors reach this datum line as well) that serves to reinforce a human scale and make the spaces seem more intimate. In this house, it is broken only in the living room, where the space expands and light from the south facing wall fills the room.
Photo of the living room found online:
Original drawing of the plan:
Here’s a link to more interior photos, which seem to be protected so that I can’t reproduce them here.
While flipping through one of my books on Frank Lloyd Wright, I found that there was an article written by Mr. Pope (a journalist in Washington D.C.) in House Beautiful in which he praised Wright’s efficient design for the home. Because this article was so well-written and widely read across the country, it served to catapult Wright’s popularity and gain him clients at the end of the WWII and into the 1950s.
We enjoyed the short tour and ability to walk around the beautiful landscape in spring. I definitely recommend a trip to the Pope-Leighey house if you are in the area and appreciate historic architecture or just want to be inspired by Wright’s work, as I was today.
I’m back with another fun interview for you this month. This time we’re talking with a long-time architecture partner in crime of mine, Brett Koenig Greig. I first met Brett during a volunteer program we were both working with at UVA, the Housing Improvement Program (HIP!). A bunch of us met on Saturdays and drove around Charlottesville and Albermarle county and helped the elderly or less-fortunate improve their homes by doing things like fixing roofs, removing asbestos from beneath ancient linoleum floors, scraping lead paint off of exteriors… we got into all sorts of messes. I definitely acquired poison ivy at one point, and multiple sunburns. It was a great way to get off school grounds for a little while and meet some new folks outside of the architecture school, though I did meet Brett (also from the architecture department) so I think she must have had the same idea as me. And then she followed me from Charlottesville to Austin. Well, not really- she explains how that worked in the interview, but as different as she and I are, you can certainly see that there are some similarities in our decision-making. In addition to attending the same schools, Brett and I also traveled to India together as part of a studio, and she put up with me as a roommate for an entire month. I’m pretty sure by the end of it she was ready to completely de-friend me (I became pretty whiney the last few days and when our trip home was delayed due to terrorist bombs in Mumbai, I turned into an unbearable brat). But, incredibly, she continued to talk to me after that and does to this day. This girl has patience. She’s an amazing drawer, listener, and instigator of good ideas- all qualities which make for the kind of architect you want to work with. And stamina! I can’t tell you the number of times I’ve seen her work through a problem to come up with the most thorough of solutions. She’s a perfectionist in all the ways that I am not, and it was wonderful to be in school with her because I was always learning something from her. She still lives in Austin, and of that I am quite envious.
Here’s a photo (provided by Brett) from our trip to India in 2006, at the Agra Fort with the Taj Mahal in the distance. There were crazy monkeys all around us that night, though somehow none made it into that picture.
Tell us a little about yourself- where you’re from, where you went to school, what you are doing now, etc.
I grew up in Tampa, Florida and moved with my family to the Orlando area when I was sixteen. Florida was a fun place to live, but it also felt very isolated, geographically and culturally, from the rest of the country. I attended the University of Virginia due to my craving for history, mountains, and seasons. It helped that it also had an extremely well-regarded architecture school.
I loved my time in Charlottesville, and also spent a semester studying in Copenhagen during my fourth year. When I graduated in 2003, I struggled with where to go next, eventually landing in Baltimore at the encouragement of a friend. There I found work at a great medium-sized firm, which allowed me to gain a broad array of responsibility and experience, despite my being just out of school.
The city was changing a lot at that time, just starting to re-inhabit its downtown core, and there was a lot of work in renovating old warehouses into offices, apartments and condos. Baltimore is a fun and dynamic city, but I was still very much in transition while I lived there, knowing I’d leave in a couple years to go to graduate school. My degree from UVa was a Bachelor of Science in Architecture, and in order to ever become a licensed architect I’d have to get a Masters Degree.
So after two years I moved again, down here to Austin. I surprised myself by turning down an Ivy-League school and attending instead the University of Texas at Austin. I loved the atmosphere and teaching philosophy of UT, and the incredible quality of life Austin offered. It also helped that on my first day of classes, I was walking across the courtyard and saw a girl with a shock of red hair and immediately recognized Rachel from the class ahead of me at UVa. That was such a nice surprise. It turned out there were quite a few UVa alum who had ended up at UT.
Anyway, so here I am, six years later and still in Austin. It’s been a wild ride with the economy’s crash and now slow recovery. I spent 2008 working for an incredibly talented design/build architect. My favorite project, and the one I spent most of my time designing, was a small house and studio for a husband/wife who were members of an emerging experimental rock band. They said their favorite building was the Eames House, which they’d visited once when they were on tour in California, and that they wanted their house to be fun, simple, and colorful. It was the smoothest client relationship I’ve ever experienced, and even now when I see them around town they tell me how much they love their home. Unfortunately that firm was not immune to the recession, and I spent half of 2009 unemployed — a great time to study and take all my licensing exams (TX 21976 !).
Fast forward to today, and I find myself wearing many different hats as the economy picks up again. I work 4 days a week at an incredibly friendly and long-established firm in town, where we do a wide range of projects – libraries, park buildings, affordable and rehabilitative housing, bars and restaurants, and new and remodeled houses. It’s an office where in one day I may find myself working on four different projects, which definitely keeps me on my toes. I also just wrapped up teaching a summer course back at the UT School of Architecture, and have been asked to teach again in the Spring 2012 semester, which I am very excited about. And last, but certainly not least, my husband (also an architect…..we don’t stray far) and I have started our own small practice and are staying quite busy on the weekends. There’s not a lot of down-time these days, to the dismay of our sweet dogs, Clovis and Marnie.
How did you get interested in architecture?
It was my mom who helped plant the architect seed in me. She had wanted to be an architect when she was young, but at that time it was perceived to be a man’s profession, and she was deterred by advisers and family from studying it in college. When I was young, if there was a house under construction in our neighborhood, mom had no fear of pushing aside the construction fencing and she and I would walk around inside, imagining what kind of family would live there and how they might use the space. Since we already lived near the beach, we’d take family vacations to cities instead. I remember especially a visit to Savannah when I was around 8, where I sat in the squares drawing pictures of all the stately mansions.
It’s hard to pinpoint just one moment where the lightbulb went on and I said “I want to be an architect.” I just feel like I had always been observing the built environment around me, making judgements about what made one building nicer to be in than another. I was also very lucky to have access to art classes throughout school, so I was always drawing dream houses for my parents.
What projects are you currently working on?
As I said, there are lots of things going on these days. At the office, I’m working on a new clubhouse for one of the City’s golf courses. Working with the parks department and with the City project managers is challenging and slow, but I think the building is going to be a great amenity for the surrounding neighborhood. I’m also working on a new bar in Fort Worth, and on an interesting pool house for a man in East Texas, that is mostly underground — something I’ve never done before.
With my husband, we are working on additions for two young families who have both outgrown their current homes. We are also renovating a bar space, making it function better and allowing it to take full advantage of the views from its 21st floor downtown location.
[Brett and her husband, Travis, at home. Doesn’t that look like a Dwell magazine cover?]
What do you think is the biggest misconception about architects or architecture?
That all you do as an architect is sit at your drafting board and draw amazing buildings all day. Architects are the ultimate multi-taskers, coordinating the flow of information between all parties involved in making buildings happen — the city, the clients, the contractor, all the consultants, the banks. Architects are not just designers; they are psychologists and managers as well.
What’s your most memorable project?
Definitely the house and studio for that musician couple. They had such great style and taste, and made designing for them so much fun. It was also interesting to learn what, architecturally, it takes to make a working recording studio. I hope I have more clients like the Lamberts in the future.
What was the worst project you worked on and why?
Probably a recent one — what seems on the surface like another very cool, modern house for an easy-going client. It came into my office before I had started working there, and didn’t get a lot of up-front attention, but it had made it through all the preliminary design phases. I was asked to draw up Construction Documents, and did, thinking all the up-front work had been completed. But when the Contractor went to get permits and start construction, all sorts of problems arose. The zoning designation had been unclear, and it turned out it the lot had much larger setbacks than anticipated, so we had to move the house. Then it turned out that a tree was incorrectly marked on the survey, and was twice the size we had thought. So we had to move the house again to avoid its root zone. Then, most recently, the neighborhood association raised objections, and construction had a stop until plans and materials could be reviewed by them. Things are moving along again, but the project has been such a headache. It has also been a reminder to everyone that clear communication and preliminary due-diligence are SO important for every project, big or small.
What architect or architects inspire you and why?
I love Peter Zumthor. When I was studying in Copenhagen, we traveled to Austria to see the Kunsthaus in Bregenz.
I was awed by how many ways sunlight interacted with the building. In the early morning sunrise, the shadow of the interior trays glowed through the layers of offset glass on the exterior. Then later in the day the building appeared almost opaque as it reflected the sun’s rays. Inside, light is never directly allowed in the galleries, but must travel across the frosted ceiling panels which feel like they are hovering untethered above you. The only surface you can touch is smooth-finished concrete, that has been left its original flinty gray color. It was almost 10 years ago that I visited his work (we went to St. Benedikt Chapel and the Therme Vals on that same trip), and it still makes my heart skip a beat when I think about how I felt inside the Kunsthaus. He is REALLY good at making buildings that feel very personal to the user.
What is your favorite city for architecture?
That’s hard since I have lots of favorites. I love Chicago for its history, New York for its density, Berlin for its optimism, and Delhi for its ambiguity.
What work of architecture would you most like to visit?
Katsura Imperial Villa and its gardens in Kyoto, Japan. Though it dates from the 1600s, its organization and structure has had a strong influence on the work of 20th Century modernists. We had planned to spend 3 weeks traveling all over Honshu this spring (a belated honeymoon, really), but the March 11 earthquake struck two weeks before we were supposed to leave, and we canceled our trip. I hope we can go again in the next few years.
If you weren’t an architect, what other career path would you have taken?
It’s hard to answer this since I really have wanted to be an architect since I was four or five. Before that, I wanted to be a lounge singer (our neighbor was one – she had long blond hair and wore those totally ‘80s sequin gowns, singing in hotel lobbies etc), a veterinarian (until I realized that animals can die and that would make me sad), and my parents’ cleaning person (so I could stay at home and live with them forever).
But seriously, I have enjoyed teaching summer courses for two years now. I hope that I am able to continue teaching, not just next spring, but in the future as well. Working with students, especially those in their first year of architecture school, helps me remember why I was drawn to the field in the first place.
What, if anything, would you change about architectural education?
I actually don’t think I would change much about architectural education paradigm, in that I think it demands much from students: critical thinking, presentation skills, problem solving, etc and prepares them well to succeed in whatever professional environment they choose I have friends who have gone on to become graphic designers, a food stylist, a real estate developer — and I think all would agree their architecture education served them well.
I do agree that if students are serious about going into an office environment straight from architecture school, then there should be elective courses on construction administration (RFIs, Submittal Review, etc.) and basic finance (like an introductory accounting course) available to them. But I don’t think we should take away courses on history, theory, and design in order to accommodate those vocation-oriented classes into the mandatory degree requirements. Call me old-school I guess.
Thanks for the interview, Brett! I hope you and Travis get to make that trip to Japan!